The latter alternative is assumed here, and during the workshop, the experts agreed that it would cost between 10,000 and 15,000 euro per day to rent a coastal tanker. In the cost model, the average of these two limits are used as the daily tanker cost. The probability table is obtained using the following conditional expression: AZD2281 equation(9) Cost of emptying tanks=12,500ifC824<1C824·12,500otherwisewhere
C8 means Time to collect oil (h). This variable expresses the total operating cost of the oil-combating vessel fleet used in the offshore clean-up. This node is determined by the previous nodes Time to collect the oil and Daily vessel costs. The Daily vessel cost has a CPT containing possible combinations of combating ships, with the exact daily costs for each of the ships, as illustrated in Table 8. In the case of more than one vessel being sent to the location, their respective daily costs are added together in the Daily vessel cost. This node indicates the costs that arise from the combating vessels being on stand-by.
These costs include maintenance costs, and depend largely on the type this website of combating vessel and how extensively she is used for purposes other than oil combating: • Halli, Hylje and Louhi are each estimated to cost approximately 0.25 million euro per year in order to be prepared. If the decision node Booms is activated, an additional cost of 966,000 euro is added to the total offshore clean-up costs. This cost was obtained by adding together all separate costs for the offshore booms that are involved in the disposal of the
oil-combating operations, from which the costs of type one RO-BOOM 200 is 510 euro/m and costs of type two RO-BOOM 150 is 420 euro/m. Halli is equipped with 600 m of each type, Hylje has 800 m of the first type and one of Meritaito ships Linja has 200 m of the second type. Adding all these individual cost factors gives the Offshore clean-up costs, and adding these to the Onshore clean-up costs, we can obtain the total clean-up cost for an oil spill. These two utility nodes have negative values, as they symbolize costs, Mannose-binding protein-associated serine protease and when the model optimizes the decision nodes, it will do so by minimizing the total costs. In this chapter, we present the results of the developed oil spill cleanup-costs model applied for two case studies. The costs for the two scenarios of an accidental oil spill are compared with the available models estimating costs of an oil spill in order to perform a crude validation of the proposed approach. We use two available models, one by Etkin (1999), which is deterministic but allows for rather wide interpretation of the cost factors considered. Another model we use has been proposed by Shahriari and Frost (2008), and is purely deterministic, with no room for interpretation.