Notably, the SFK member Hck was recently demonstrated to be indispensable for macrophage Roscovitine podosome formation [[7, 8]]. Within the cross-talk between different tyrosine kinases in signal transduction to the cytoskeleton, activation of Abl by SFKs has emerged as a key step in both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells [[9-11]]. Our own recent study implicated the SFK members Fgr and Hck, and Abl in macrophage migration []. Here, we show
for the first time that Abl is one of the components of human and murine macrophage podosomes and regulates podosome formation, organization, and function. Plating of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) on fibronectin results in the organization of podosome
clusters, known as rosettes, whose formation requires the SFK member Small molecule library cell line Hck []. As shown by Cougoule et al. [[7, 8]] these rosettes can be identified as actin- and vinculin-based circular structures (Fig. 1A, green arrows) also enriched in phospho-cortactin (Supporting Information Fig. 1), a substrate of the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases of the Src and Abl families [[13, 14]]. The strict dependence of rosette assembly on SFKs was confirmed by the marked defect in rosette formation in BMDMs from mice with the double (hck–/–fgr–/–) or the single (fgr–/–) deficiency of myeloid leukocyte-specific SFKs (Supporting Information Fig. 2). Activation of Abl by SFKs has emerged as a key step within the cross-talk between different tyrosine kinases in signal transduction to the cytoskeleton in both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells [[9-11]]. Additionally, we recently demonstrated that macrophage migration is regulated by both the SFK members Fgr and Hck and Abl []. Because Abl interacts with Fgr or Hck bound to integrins [], one of the components of podosomes [], we asked whether Abl is present in BMDM rosettes. Notably, staining
of BMDMs with a specific Ab showed that Abl www.selleck.co.jp/products/Decitabine.html distributed in the nucleus, in punctate structures in the ventral face of the membrane or underneath the plasma membrane (Fig. 1A, white arrow heads) and in podosome rosettes. In all nonnuclear localization Abl clearly colocalized with actin (Fig. 1A, merge). To strengthen the finding that Abl is a podosome component, we extended studies to human monocyte-derived macrophages (Fig. 1B). Human macrophages plated on fibronectin or glass (not shown) did not shown the typical rosettes observed in mouse cells, but more classical individual podosomes containing actin and vinculin (Fig. 1B), and phospho-cortactin (Supporting Information Fig. 1). Notably, Abl colocalized with actin also in human macrophage podosomes.