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after failure of conventional therapy. Eur J Cancer 2008, 44: 383–390.CrossRefPubMed Authors’ contributions KY carried out cell culture and animal experiments. TN and TN participated in animal experiments. NY and NY participated in animal experiments and helped to draft the manuscript.”
“Background Because of its ability to offer high precision, little trauma, strong lethality, and fewer complications [1–4],125I radioactive seed implantation has been widely applied in clinical practice for tumor treatment, such as prostate carcinoma [5], recurrent Torin 2 solubility dmso colorectal cancer [6–10], head and neck carcinoma [11, 12], and others [13–15]. However, radiobiological study of continuous low dose rate irradiation (CLDR), and especially that which defines the deep development of radioactive seed implantation and its intersection with other subjects of tumor treatment, has only recently been conducted [16, 17]. Therefore, further study on the basic radiobiology of continuous low dose rate irradiation is necessary, particularly to provide further clinical direction. In the present

study, the CL187 colonic cell line was exposed to125I seeds at low dose rate irradiation, and killing effect of cells cultured in vitro were observed to reveal the radiobilogical mechanism of125I radioactive seed irradiation. Materials and methods Reagents Cell culture media was provided by the Zoology Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Propidium iodide (PI) and annexin Digestive enzyme V were purchased from Cell Signaling Company (Cell Signaling Technology, Beverly, MA). Phospho-P38 epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mAb (Alexa Fluor) and Phospho-raf mAb (Alexa Fluor) were obtained from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc. (Santa Cruz, CA). All other materials were obtained from the Zoology Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Cell lines and cell culture The CL187 colonic cancer cell line was kindly provided by the Beijing Institute for Cancer Research. It was maintained in RPMI1640 supplemented with 20 mM HEPES (pH 7.

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