The dermatophytes Microsporum gypseum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and T rubrum were moderately inhibited by the different extracts (MIC values of 125-250 mu g/mL). Demethylbellidifolin (4), bellidifolin
(5), and isobellidifolin (6) showed an antifungal effect (MIC values of 50 mu g/mL), while swerchirin (3) was less active with a MIC value of 100 AZD5153 mu g/mL. In addition, oleanolic acid (1) and ursolic acid (2) were also isolated. These findings demonstrate that Gentianella nuthicaulis collected in the mountains of the Province of San Juan, Argentina, is an important source of compounds with antifungal and antioxidant activities.”
“Assimilating hydrophilic hollow polymer spheres (HPS) into Nafion matrix by a loading of
0.5 wt % led to a restructured hydrophilic channel, composed of the pendant sulfonic acid groups (-SO3H) and the imbedded hydrophilic hollow spheres. The tiny hydrophilic hollow chamber was critical to retaining moisture and facilitating proton transfer in the composite membranes. To obtain such a tiny cavity structure, the synthesis Stem Cell Compound Library high throughput included selective generation of a hydrophilic polymer shell on silica microsphere template and the subsequent removal of the template by etching. The hydrophilic HPS (100-200 nm) possessed two different spherical shells, the styrenic network with pendant sulfonic acid groups and with methacrylic acid groups, respectively. By behaving as microreservoirs of water, the hydrophilic HPS promoted the Grotthus mechanism and, hence, enhanced proton transport efficiency through the inter-sphere path. In addition, the HPS with the -SO3H borne shell played a more effective role than those with the -CO2H BLZ945 borne shell in augmenting proton transport, in particular under low humidity
or at medium temperatures. Single H-2-PEMFC test at 70 degrees C using dry H-2/O-2 further verified the impactful role of hydrophilic HPS in sustaining higher proton flux as compared to pristine Nafion membrane.”
“Water samples collected from the Northern region of India were used for isolation of anoxygenic photosynthetic (purple non-sulfur) bacterial isolate. The isolate was grown in modified Sistrom’s media at pH 7.0 and characterized as new strain of Rhodobacter sphaeroides NMBL-01 by 16S rDNA sequencing analysis and used for current study. Effect of pH on growth kinetics of the bacteria showed maximum growth rate at pH 8.0 using malic acid as carbon source. The effect of C/N ratio (molar ratio of carbon to nitrogen) at 1.5, 5, 10, 13, 15, 20, 25, 30, 40, 50 and 80 using malate as carbon and glutamate/ammonium sulfate as nitrogen source on hydrogen production was investigated. The maximum hydrogen potential and hydrogen production rate were 2000 +/- 45 cm(3) m(-3) and 11.8 cm(3) m (3)h (1), respectively, at C/N 13 using glutamate (1.7 mmol m(-3)) as nitrogen source and malate (3 g m(-3)) as carbon source with 66.5% malate conversion efficiency at initial medium pH 8.0.