, 1996), and broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998 and Fred

, 1996), and broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998 and Fredrickson, 2001) to develop and test a model that accounts for individual-level information seeking behaviour, and the contingencies that lead to information seeking as a form of procrastination. Information processing styles, typically characterised as tendencies to use analytical or intuitive (heuristic)

approaches to choice (Dane & Pratt, 2007) influence decision processes and outcomes. Analytical processes are required for Selleck VE 822 novel, complex problems whereas intuitive or heuristic processes are applied to numerous daily choices (Bargh et al., 1996 and Epstein et al., 1992). Theories of analytical and heuristic thinking rest on the dual-process concept which proposes two parallel, interactive

systems of thinking (Epstein, 1990 and Epstein et al., 1996). System 1 is intuitive, affect-laden and rapid. System 2 is cognitive, resource intense and requires time. Both systems yield positive outcomes. Analytical thinking is associated with effective decision making due to logical reasoning and fewer decision biases (Stanovich & West, 2002), and ability to focus on important aspects of information relevant to decisions rather than non-relevant contextual information (McElroy & Seta, 2003). Intuitive thinking is associated with expertise (Dreyfus & Dreyfus, 2005) and effectiveness in solving everyday problems (Todd & Gigerenzer, 2007). While the dual-process model has universal application, the extent to which System 1 and System MG-132 order very 2 are applied, and the situational contingencies that influence their use, are subject to individual differences (Epstein et al., 1996). Therefore, theories that rest on dual-process modelling need to take

into account individual-level antecedents and moderating factors. Employing this approach, Griffin et al. (1999) developed the risk information seeking and processing (RISP) model. They proposed information seeking is driven by individual differences in perceived information sufficiency, and continues until the point of sufficiency is reached. Griffin et al. (1999) placed information seeking and information processing together as the dependent variables in their model, and proposed that they combine to produce four decisions styles relating to routine/non routine and heuristic/systematic processing. However, recent research into decision processes, also building on dual process models, has added a second information processing style: regulatory processes that influence whether a decision should be made immediately or delayed Dewberry, Juanchich, and Narendran (2013a) proposed both cognitive information processing (rationality vs. intuition) and regulatory information processing have direct effects on decision outcomes. For example, when faced with a decision about whether to eat food that could harbour harmful bacteria, there are choices about whether to go with past experience, i.e.

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