In addition, the full width at half maximum is higher for the ISS

In addition, the full width at half maximum is higher for the ISS film (224 nm) in comparison with the LbL-E film (108 nm). A morphological

characterization (SEM, TEM, or AFM) is performed in order to clarify the size and distribution of the nanoparticles in the LbL films. SEM CA4P ic50 images indicate that a higher amount of AgNPs with less size is synthesized for the ISS process. Cross-sectional TEM micrographs and AFM phase images indicate the cluster formation of AgNPs in the topographic distribution of the ISS process which is not observed in the LbL-E films. These remarkable differences between both processes related to the distribution, size, and partial aggregation have a considerable influence in the final location of the LSPR absorption bands. In addition, the great importance of using a protective agent such as PAA-AgNPs in the LbL-E

Selleck Geneticin deposition technique is to prevent the aggregation of the AgNPs during the fabrication process and after thermal post-treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a comparative study of the synthesis and incorporation of AgNPs into thin films is presented in the bibliography using two alternative methods with the same chemical reagents based on wet chemistry. Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through TEC2010-17805 Research Project, Innocampus Program and Public University of Navarra (UPNA) research grants. Special thanks to CEMITEC for the utilization of the SEM. References 1. Nolte AJ, Rubner MF, Cohen RE: Creating effective refractive index gradients within polyelectrolyte multilayer films: molecularly assembled rugate filters. Langmuir 2004, 20:3304–3310.CrossRef 2. Zhai L, Nolte AJ, Cohen RE, Rubner MF: pH-Gated porosity transitions of polyelectrolyte multilayers in confined geometries and their application as tunable Bragg reflectors. Macromolecules 2004, 37:6113–6123.CrossRef

3. Wang TC, Cohen RE, Rubner MF: Metallodielectric photonic structures based on polyelectrolyte multilayers. Adv Mater 2002, 14:1534–1537.CrossRef 4. Pastoriza-Santos I, Liz-Marzán LM: Colloidal silver nanoplates. State of the art and future challenges. J Mater Chem 2008, 18:1724–1737.CrossRef ID-8 5. Schmidt H: Nanoparticles by chemical synthesis, processing to materials and innovative applications. Appl Organomet Chem 2001, 15:331–343.CrossRef 6. Cobley CM, Skrabalak SE, Campbell DJ, Xia Y: Shape-controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles for plasmonic and sensing applications. Plasmonics 2009, 4:171–179.CrossRef 7. Liz-Marzán LM: Nanometals: formation and color. Mater Today 2004, 7:26–31.CrossRef 8. Kidambi S, Bruening ML: Multilayered polyelectrolyte films containing palladium nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, and application in selective hydrogenation. Chem Mater 2005, 17:301–307.CrossRef 9.

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