In the current investigation, uspA was found to be significantly regulated in eight tested conditions. Only one double mutant, uspA/siiF (STM4262),
showed a significantly decreased ability to survive when subjected to oxidative stress by H2O2. The OsmC protein of S. Typhimurium shows 92% similarity to the E. coli OsmC identified as a member of a family of osmotically click here inducible proteins widely distributed in bacteria [28, 37, 38]. OsmC has been demonstrated to be of importance during long-term starvation of E. coli and suggested to be a defense mechanism against oxidative stress . The regulation of osmC transcription is highly complex [40, 41] and it is induced when entering stationary phase and by osmotic stress or ethanol . In the current investigation, osmC was found to be significantly regulated in seven tested conditions, but the osmC single mutant did not show any phenotypic change under any SC79 mouse of the tested conditions while two of the four osmC double mutants, osmC/wraB and osmC/cbpA, showed a significantly decreased ability to survive when subjected to oxidative stress.
The Salmonella YchN protein is suggested to be a putative sulphur reduction protein. It has 92% identity to the E. coli YchN, but the function remains to be characterized . It interacts with members of the CSD system (CsdA, CsdE and CsdL), which has been proposed to be involved in two sulphur transfer pathways: one involved in motility, while the other pathway is possibly Selleckchem PF-6463922 important in stationary phase . YchN was associated with 8 reactions and functions in our global genome network; despite this, the single mutant behaved like the wild type strain and we observed that only one of the double mutants deficient in ychN showed decreased resistance under oxidative stress. The YajD protein is an uncharacterized protein containing Selleck Forskolin a conserved HNH endonuclease
signature found in viral, prokaryotic and eukaryotic proteins (NCBI domain search). The HNH superfamily includes restriction endonucleases, transposases, homing endonucleases, colicins and DNA packaging factors . The gene was associated with 7 reactions and functions in the genome scale network and two double mutants in this gene showed a decreased survival under oxidative stress (Table 3). siiF (STM4262) is present in the Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 4 (SPI-4) region  which is predicted to contain six genes (STM4257-4262) . These genes were named siiA-F (Salmonella intestinal infection) after it was demonstrated that they were not required for systemic infection by intraperitoneal injection [17, 18], but were essential for intestinal infection by oral administration . However, a posterior study with intraperitoneal infection showed that some of the SPI-4 genes, although not the siiF gene, are important in long-term systemic infections in mice .