Now is the right time to be undertaking further robust research i

Now is the right time to be undertaking further robust research into the development and testing of processes that would allow for the safe, effective and ethical re-introduction of previously dispensed medicines back into the supply chain. 1. NHS Sustainable Development Unit – Sustainability in the NHS Health Check 2012. Available at Last accessed 26/2/2013 2. Mackridge A, Marriott JF. Returned medicines: waste or a wasted opportunity? Journal of Public Health. IWR-1 chemical structure 2007; 29: 258–262 Faris El-Dahiyat, Reem Kayyali Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, UK

Generic substitution is one way of achieving cost saving for both the public and governments worldwide. However, pharmacists in Jordan are not permitted to substitute any prescriptions. This study assessed patients, pharmacists and physicians perceptions towards generic medicines and generic substitution. All surveyed stakeholders have positive attitudes towards generic medicines and welcomed the introduction of a policy that encourages generic utilisation such as generic prescribing and generic substitution. The findings would provide baseline data to policy makers in Jordan to establish a sound generic policy to enable

cost effective use of medicines. Generic substitution is the practice of switching from a prescribed originator brand medicine to an interchangeable generic medicine containing the same active ingredient, dosage form, strength at the time of dispensing [1]. Dabrafenib In general, generic medicines are 20% to 90% cheaper than the innovator medicine, and their utilisation represents a well-established strategy for controlling healthcare expenditures [2]. In order to implement a sound Tryptophan synthase generic policy in Jordan, all stakeholders should be involved. Therefore, this study aimed to explore Jordanian patients’ and

pharmacists’ perceptions toward generic medicines, as well as evaluating their opinions regarding generic substitution. Moreover, this study investigated physicians’ perception and attitudes toward generic medicines and generic substitution, and it examined factors that affect their pattern of prescribing. Three cross sectional self-administrated questionnaire studies involving patients with chronic diseases, pharmacists, and physicians working in both the public and private sectors in Jordan were undertaken. The study was ethically approved by Kingston University ethics committee. The response rate were 80% (n = 400/500), 58.8%, (n = 294/500) and 75.2%, (n = 376/500) for patients, pharmacists and physicians respectively. Cost of medicines in Jordan was considered high according to 83% of the responding patients. Most patients (92%) preferred to be prescribed the cheapest medicine. Majority of patients (79%) believed that cost should be considered before a drug is prescribed.

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