results showed that C. albicans cells opsonization with sera significantly improved the killing efficiency of PMN. The ability of immune sera prepared by immunization with M5-BSA conjugate to induced PMN’s killing activity was comparable to or statistically significantly lower (3rd sc dose) than capacity of placebo control sera. The lower efficiency of immune sera to induce candidacidal activity is probably related with lower capacity of specific antibodies Dabrafenib manufacturer to recognize corresponding antigenic structures in cell wall of C. albicans cells and to activate complement, which leads to limited opsonization and reduced induction of PMN’s candidacidal activity. Sera obtained by immunization with M6-BSA conjugate slightly improved the candidacidal activity of PMN with statistically significantly higher effect than control sera for sera after the 1st and the 3rd sc dose Torin 1 price of conjugate. Comparison of obtained results revealed different functionality of antibodies induced by these two conjugates containing structurally similar α-1,6-branched oligomannosides. Mannan is also able to contribute to the resistance of C. albicans to complement activation through the alternative pathway in the absence of mannan-specific
antibodies . Han and Cutler described protection by a murine IgM and IgG3 antibodies requiring an intact complement system in a mouse model of disseminated candidiasis . We observed mainly decrease in PMN’s candidacidal activity using complement-inactivated sera in comparison with non-inactivated sera; thus, inactivation of complement in sera obtained by immunization with conjugates mainly reduced effectiveness of sera to induce candidacidal activity (Fig. 6). Upon obtained results, we assume different specificity and different
potential protective efficacy of antibodies induced by immunization with M5-BSA and M6-BSA conjugates. The importance of antibodies specificity seems to be critical for induction of candidacidal activity and obtained result confirmed low correlation between protection and mannan or whole cell–specific antibodies levels alone [13, 14]. In addition, results Carbohydrate obtained with M5-BSA and M6-BSA conjugates revealed lower ability of α-1,6-branched oligomannoside – BSA conjugates in comparison with linear oligomannoside – BSA conjugates to induce production of antibodies with strong reactivity to corresponding antigenic determinants in natural cell wall mannan and lower capacity to induce antibodies significantly enhancing candidacidal activity of PMN in comparison with previously published results obtained with linear oligomannoside – BSA conjugates [13, 14].