Results and discussion The ENA has a lower transmittance selleck compound for s-polarized light due to the electric field’s orientation with respect to the metallic stripe width ; hence, the polarization of the incident wave was set to be p-polarized. As shown in Figure 1a, s polarization means that the incident electric field vector is parallel to the long axis of the ENA, and the incident electric field vector perpendicular to the long axis of the ENA is then denoted by p polarization.
We first investigate the transmittance T = |t|2 and reflectance R = |r|2 of the structure for p polarization in Figure 3. Structures with a different dielectric constant of Bi2Se3 (shown in Figure 2) were modeled to investigate the effect of the phase change of Bi2Se3 on the position and amplitude of the spectrums. It can be seen that the resonance wavelength blueshifts from 2,140 to 1,770 nm when the structural phase of Bi2Se3 switches from trigonal to orthorhombic. The structure is impedance-matched, hence possessing a low reflectance corresponding to the dips in reflectance of Figure 3b for different forms of Bi2Se3. Figure Akt inhibitor 3 Transmittance and reflectance. 3D FDTD simulation
of (a) spectrum of transmittance and (b) spectrum of reflectance, for the different phases of the Bi2Se3 dielectric layer, where the light source is p polarization at normal incidence angle. In Figure 4, the transmission (t) and reflection(r) phases are demonstrated. The transmission phase exhibits a dip around the resonance, indicating that the light is advanced in phase at the resonance, characteristic of a left-handed
material . Importantly, changing the structural phase of the Bi2Se3 offers transmission and reflection phase tunability which implies tunable effective constitutive parameters in the structure. Figure 4 Transmission and reflection phase. 3D FDTD simulation of (a) phase of transmission and (b) phase of reflection, for the different phases of the Bi2Se3 dielectric layer, where the light source is p polarization at normal incidence angle. Taking into account the subwavelength thickness of the structure, the extracted Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) n eff can be retrieved from the transmission and reflection coefficients shown in Figure 5. For the MM with the trigonal Bi2Se3 dielectric layer, the negative-index band extends from 1,880 to 2,420 nm with a minimum value of the real part of the refractive index Real(n eff) = -7. Regarding losses, the figure of merit (FOM) www.selleckchem.com/products/Staurosporine.html defined as is taken to show the overall performance of the MM, where Imag(n eff) is the imaginary part of the refractive index. As shown in Figure 5c, the FOM for the trigonal phase is 2.7 at the operating wavelength of 2,080 nm. The negative-index band of the orthorhombic Bi2Se3-based MM extends from 1,600 to 2,214 nm having a minimum value of Real(n eff) = -3.2. The FOM is 1.2 at the resonant wavelength of 1,756 nm.