In that sense, ‘cadmium-free’ nanomaterials are very promising alternatives, such as zinc compounds [5, 28], due to their natural environmental abundance. Zinc divalent cations (Zn2+) are commonly found in nature, in forms varying from mineral inorganic sources to several living
find more organisms as crucial metabolic species. Thus, this research focused on demonstrating the synthesis of ZnS quantum dots directly capped by chitosan using a facile, reproducible and economical single-step aqueous processing method at room temperature. Moreover, the nanohybrid systems were extensively characterised, and the strong influence of pH on the formation of the semiconductor nanocrystals and their
fluorescent response was verified. The novel colloidal biofunctionalised water-soluble nanoconjugates made of ZnS-QDs/chitosan are potentially non-toxic and, combined with their luminescent properties, offer great potential for use in various biomedical and environmentally friendly applications. Methods Materials All reagents and precursors, zinc www.selleckchem.com/products/epz-6438.html chloride (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA, ≥98%, ZnCl2), sodium sulphide (Synth, São Paulo, Brazil, >98%, Na2S · 9H2O), sodium hydroxide (Merck, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA, ≥99%, NaOH), acetic acid (Synth, São Paulo, Brazil, ≥99.7%, CH3COOH) and hydrochloric acid (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA, 36.5% to 38.0%, HCl), were used as received. Chitosan powder (Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA, MM = 310,000 to >375,000 g/mol, see more DD ≥ 75.0% and viscosity 800 to 2,000 cP, at 1% in 1% acetic acid) was used as the reference Flavopiridol (Alvocidib) ligand. Deionised water (DI-water; Millipore Simplicity™, Billerica, MA, USA) with a resistivity of 18 MΩ cm was used in the preparation of all solutions. All preparations and synthesis were performed at room temperature (23°C ± 2°C) unless specified. Synthesis of ZnS quantum dots ZnS nanoparticles were synthesised via
an aqueous route in a reaction flask at room temperature as follows: 2 mL of chitosan solution (1% w/v in 2% v/v aqueous solution of acetic acid) and 45 mL of DI-water were added to the flask reacting vessel. The pH value of this solution was adjusted to 4.0 ± 0.2, 5.0 ± 0.2 or 6.0 ± 0.2 with NaOH (1.0 mol.L-1). Under moderate magnetic stirring, 4.0 mL of Zn2+ precursor solution (ZnCl2, 8 × 10-3 mol.L-1) and 2.5 mL of S2- precursor solution (Na2S · 9H2O, 1.0 × 10-2 mol.L-1) were added to the flask (S/Zn molar ratio was kept at 1:2) and stirred for 60 min. The obtained ZnS QD suspensions, referred to as QD_ZnS_4, QD_ZnS_5 and QD_ZnS_6, as a function of the pH of quantum dot synthesis, were clear and colourless, and sampling aliquots of 3.