CONCLUSION: The lateral transcondylar approach is an effective approach to chordomas in this region. Most of the tumors were large and extended into multiple anatomic compartments. The approach allowed resection of all the involved tissues, intra-and extracranial, and afforded excellent neurovascular control.”
“This 5-Fluoracil price study reports the development of distinct fluorescence-based multiplex rRT-PCR arrays, which are comprised of unique primer pairs that are statistically modeled from publicly available sequences, for overall foot-and-mouth disease virus and serotype-specific detection. Performance of the multiplex pan FMDV (MpFMDV) array was compared
to the 5′ UTR and two 3D(pol) assays, following tests on the Miniopticon (BioRad) and 7900HT SDS (ABI) platforms. The MpFMDV array and a recently developed alternative 3D(pol) assay correctly identified all 31 isolates that represented all seven serotypes, including 10 isolates reported previously to be undetectable by both OIE recommended assays (5′ UTR and 3D(pol) assay). Statistically significant differences in mean C(T) values were observed with both platforms. With the Miniopticon,
GW3965 cell line the MpFMDV assay detected FMDV at 9.86 and 2.67 cycles less than the 5′ UTR and one of the 3D(pol) assay, respectively; whereas with the 7900HT SDS, the MpFMDV assay detected FMDV at 7.11, 4.71, and 2.33 cycles less than the 5′ UTR and both 3D(pol) assays, respectively. The MpFMDV assay was more sensitive than the 5′ UTR assay, which had a higher mean endpoint dilution of 1.3 log(10). With the exception of the serotype A and C multiplex arrays, the multiplex serotype-specific arrays correctly identified all isolates from five of seven serotypes (O, Asia 1, SAT 1, 2, and 3). Results Selleck INCB018424 presented in this study provide proof-of-principle and bench validation for the primer design model, and for the ability of multiplex arrays to accurately detect FMDV and to provide some degree of serotype discrimination of FMDV. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“BACKGROUND: Chordomas are primarily
malignant tumors encountered at either end of the neural axis; the craniovertebral junction and the sacrococcygeal junction. In this article, we discuss the surgical management of craniovertebral junction chordomas.
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we discuss the surgical management of craniovertebral junction chordomas.
RESULTS: The following approaches are illustrated: transoral-transpalatopharyngeal approach, high anterior cervical retropharyngeal approach, endoscopic transoral approach, and endoscopic transnasal approach. No single operative approach can be used for all craniovertebral chordomas. Therefore, the location of the tumor dictates which approach or approaches should be used.